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Peer effects in science: evidence from the dismissal of scientists in Nazi Germany

Waldinger, Fabian (2009) Peer effects in science: evidence from the dismissal of scientists in Nazi Germany. CEP Discussion Paper, No. 910. Centre for Economic Performance, London School of Economics and Political Science, London, UK. ISBN 9780853283430

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Abstract

This paper analyzes peer effects among university scientists. Specifically, it investigates whether the number of peers and their average quality affects the productivity of researchers in physics, chemistry, and mathematics. The usual endogeneity problems related to estimating peer effects are addressed by using the dismissal of scientists by the Nazi government as a source of exogenous variation in the peer group of scientists staying in Germany. Using a newly constructed panel dataset covering the universe of physicists, chemists, and mathematicians at all German universities from 1925 until 1938 I investigate peer effects at the local level and among co-authors. There is no evidence for localized peer effects, as neither department level (e.g. the physics department) nor specialization level (e.g. all theoretical physicists in the department) peers affect a researcher's productivity. Among co-authors, however, there is strong and significant evidence that peer quality affects a researcher's productivity. Loosing a co-author of average quality reduces the productivity of an average scientist by about 13 percent in physics and 16.5 percent in chemistry.

Item Type: Monograph (Discussion Paper)
Official URL: http://cep.lse.ac.uk/
Additional Information: © 2009 The author
Library of Congress subject classification: H Social Sciences > HC Economic History and Conditions
H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor
L Education > LB Theory and practice of education > LB2300 Higher Education
D History General and Old World > DD Germany
Journal of Economic Literature Classification System: I - Health, Education, and Welfare > I2 - Education > I20 - General
I - Health, Education, and Welfare > I2 - Education > I23 - Higher Education Research Institutions
I - Health, Education, and Welfare > I2 - Education > I21 - Analysis of Education
N - Economic History > N3 - Labor and Consumers, Demography, Education, Health, Income, and Wealth > N34 - Economic History: Labor and Consumers, Demography, Education, Health, Income and Wealth: Europe: 1913-
I - Health, Education, and Welfare > I2 - Education > I28 - Government Policy
N - Economic History > N4 - Government, War, Law, and Regulation > N44 - Europe: 1913-
L - Industrial Organization > L3 - Nonprofit Organizations and Public Enterprise > L31 - Nonprofit Institutions; NGOs
O - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth > O3 - Technological Change; Research and Development > O31 - Innovation and Invention: Processes and Incentives
J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J2 - Time Allocation, Work Behavior, and Employment Determination and Creation; Human Capital; Retirement > J24 - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
Sets: Collections > Economists Online
Research centres and groups > Centre for Economic Performance (CEP)
Rights: http://www.lse.ac.uk/library/usingTheLibrary/academicSupport/OA/depositYourResearch.aspx
Identification Number: No. 910
Date Deposited: 06 Jul 2010 16:14
URL: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/28518/

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