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Personnel management and school productivity: evidence from India

Lemos, Renata, Muralidharan, Karthik and Scur, Daniela (2024) Personnel management and school productivity: evidence from India. The Economic Journal, 134 (661). 2071 – 2100. ISSN 0013-0133

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Identification Number: 10.1093/ej/uead112


This paper uses new data to study school management and productivity in India. We report five main results. First, management quality in public schools is low, and ∼2 standard deviations below high-income countries with comparable data. Second, private schools have higher management quality, driven by much stronger people management. Third, people management quality is correlated with independent measures of teaching practice, as well as school productivity measured by student value added. Fourth, better-managed schools have lower variation in within-school teacher effectiveness and higher levels of minimum teacher effectiveness. Fifth, consistent with better people management, teacher pay in private schools is positively correlated with teacher effectiveness, whereas we find no such correlation in public schools.

Item Type: Article
Official URL:
Additional Information: © 2024 The Author(s)
Divisions: Centre for Economic Performance
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor
L Education > LB Theory and practice of education
JEL classification: I - Health, Education, and Welfare > I2 - Education > I21 - Analysis of Education
M - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting > M5 - Personnel Economics > M50 - General
O - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth > O1 - Economic Development > O10 - General
Date Deposited: 14 May 2024 15:03
Last Modified: 18 Jul 2024 23:18

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