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Militarism and the China model: the case of National Defense Education

Hughes, Christopher R. (2017) Militarism and the China model: the case of National Defense Education. Journal of Contemporary China, 26 (103). 54 - 67. ISSN 1067-0564

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Identification Number: 10.1080/10670564.2016.1206280


This article proposes that advocates of the China model deploy notions of culture and tradition in ways that hide the central role of militarism in Chinese politics. The hypothesis is explored by looking at the ways in which the country’s military and paramilitary institutions are used to propagate militaristic values and practices through the policies of National Defense Education (NDE) and National Defense Mobilization (NDM). This yields evidence from policy documents, the discussions of educationalists and the content of teaching materials. The conclusion is that focusing on the role of militarism provides better insights into the way that social stability and political continuity are maintained than resorting to vague notions of ‘culture’ and ‘tradition’ in the China model.

Item Type: Article
Official URL:
Additional Information: © 2016 Informa UK Limited
Divisions: International Relations
Subjects: J Political Science > JZ International relations
Sets: Departments > International Relations
Date Deposited: 09 Sep 2016 15:23
Last Modified: 20 Apr 2021 01:09

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