Cookies?
Library Header Image
LSE Research Online LSE Library Services

Education and military rivalry

Aghion, Philippe, Jaravel, Xavier, Persson, Torsten and Rouzet, Dorothee (2019) Education and military rivalry. Journal of the European Economic Association, 17 (2). 376–412. ISSN 1542-4766

[img] Text - Accepted Version
Repository staff only until 30 June 2020.

Download (578kB) | Request a copy

Identification Number: 10.1093/jeea/jvy022

Abstract

What makes countries engage in reforms of mass education? Motivated by historical evidence on the relation between military threats and expansions of primary education, we assemble a panel dataset from the last 150 years in European countries and from the postwar period in a large set of countries. We uncover three stylized facts: (i) investments in education are associated with military threats, (ii) democratic institutions are negatively correlated with education investments, and (iii) education investments respond more strongly to military threats in democracies. These patterns continue to hold when we exploit rivalries in a country’s neighborhood as an alternative source of variation. We develop a theoretical model that rationalizes the three empirical findings. The model has an additional prediction about investments in physical infrastructures, which finds support in the data. (JEL: N30, N40, I20, H56).

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2018 The Authors
Divisions: Economics
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HB Economic Theory
L Education > L Education (General)
JEL classification: I - Health, Education, and Welfare > I2 - Education > I20 - General
H - Public Economics > H5 - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies > H56 - National Security and War
N - Economic History > N3 - Labor and Consumers, Demography, Education, Health, Income, and Wealth > N30 - Economic History: Labor and Consumers, Demography, Education, Health, Income and Wealth: General, International, or Comparative (Migration)
N - Economic History > N4 - Government, War, Law, and Regulation > N40 - General, International, or Comparative
Sets: Departments > Economics
Date Deposited: 26 Apr 2018 09:16
Last Modified: 17 Oct 2019 23:02
Funders: ERC, Torsten and Ragnar Soderberg Foundation
URI: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/id/eprint/87655

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics