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Neighbourhood turnover and teenage attainment

Gibbons, Steve and Silva, Olmo and Weinhardt, Felix (2017) Neighbourhood turnover and teenage attainment. Journal of the European Economic Association, 15 (4). pp. 746-783. ISSN 1542-4766

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Identification Number: 10.1093/jeea/jvw018

Abstract

Theories about neighbours’ influence on children’s education that are based on social capital, cohesion and disorganisation stress the importance of neighbourhood stability. This is because stability is regarded as necessary for building strong ties and friendships, which in turn affect educational outcomes. However, amongst the vast number of studies on the effect of neighbours on a child’s education, none has tested whether neighbourhood stability matters. We fill this gap by estimating the causal effect of residential turnover on student test score gains. Estimation is based on administrative data on four cohorts of secondary school students in England, allowing us to control for pupil-level, neighbourhood-level and school-by-cohort level unobservables and for changes in neighbourhood composition driven by students’ residential mobility. We show that a high turnover of same-school-grade students reduces value-added for teenagers who stay in their neighbourhood, although turnover of other age groups does not matter. These results coupled with auxiliary findings based on survey data suggest that neighbours’ turnover damages education through the disruption of local ties and friendships, highlighting a so-far undiscovered spillover of mobility.

Item Type: Article
Official URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1111/(IS...
Additional Information: © 2016 European Economic Association
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HC Economic History and Conditions
H Social Sciences > HN Social history and conditions. Social problems. Social reform
H Social Sciences > HT Communities. Classes. Races
L Education > L Education (General)
JEL classification: C - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods > C2 - Econometric Methods: Single Equation Models; Single Variables > C21 - Cross-Sectional Models; Spatial Models; Treatment Effect Models
I - Health, Education, and Welfare > I2 - Education > I20 - General
R - Urban, Rural, and Regional Economics > R2 - Household Analysis > R23 - Regional Migration; Regional Labor Markets; Population
Sets: Departments > Geography and Environment
Research centres and groups > Spatial Economics Research Centre
Collections > Economists Online
Research centres and groups > Centre for Economic Performance (CEP)
Date Deposited: 04 May 2016 13:59
Last Modified: 23 Oct 2017 10:51
Projects: ES/J003867/1
Funders: Economic and Social Research Council
URI: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/id/eprint/66364

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