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ICT and education: evidence from student home addresses

Faber, Benjamin, Sanchis-Guarner, Rosa and Weinhardt, Felix (2015) ICT and education: evidence from student home addresses. SERC discussion papers (SERCDP0186). Spatial Economics Research Centre, London, UK.

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Abstract

Governments are making it a priority to upgrade information and communication technologies (ICT) with the aim to increase available internet connection speeds. This paper presents a new empirical strategy to estimate the causal effects of these policies, and applies it to the questions of whether and how ICT upgrades affect educational attainment. We draw on a rich collection of microdata that allows us to link administrative test score records for the population of English primary and secondary school students to the available ICT at their home addresses. To base estimations on exogenous variation in ICT, we notice that the boundaries of usually invisible telephone exchange station catchment areas give rise to substantial and essentially randomly placed jumps in the available ICT across neighboring residences. Using this design across more than 20,000 boundaries in England, we find that even very large changes in available broadband connection speeds have a precisely estimated zero effect on educational attainment. Guided by a simple model we then bring to bear additional microdata on student time and internet use to quantify the potentially opposing mechanisms underlying the zero reduced form effect. While jumps in the available ICT appear to increase student consumption of online content, we find no significant effects on student time spent studying online or offline, or on their learning productivity.

Item Type: Monograph (Discussion Paper)
Official URL: http://www.spatialeconomics.ac.uk/
Additional Information: © 2015 The Authors
Divisions: Spatial Economics Research Centre
Subjects: L Education > L Education (General)
T Technology > T Technology (General)
Z Bibliography. Library Science. Information Resources > ZA Information resources > ZA4050 Electronic information resources
JEL classification: D - Microeconomics > D8 - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty > D83 - Search; Learning; Information and Knowledge; Communication; Belief
I - Health, Education, and Welfare > I2 - Education > I20 - General
Sets: Research centres and groups > Spatial Economics Research Centre
Collections > Economists Online
Date Deposited: 15 Jan 2016 12:28
Last Modified: 28 Aug 2019 23:27
Projects: WE5750/1-1
Funders: Economic and Social Research Council, SERC/LSE, DFG
URI: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/id/eprint/65020

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