Go, Sun and Park, Ki-Joo
The elite-biased growth of elementary schooling in colonial Korea.
In: Modern and comparative economic history seminar, 11 October 2012, London School of Economics and Political Science.
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Two conventional views on the development of public elementary schooling in colonial Korea fail to explain why the increase in the public school enrollment rate was limited. Rather than the conventional views - the ideological-device theory and the self- empowerment theory -- we offer an alternative theory based on the elite-biased growth of colonial public schools. The alternative theory was tested using newly constructed province and county level data. The empirical results support the view that the rise of Korean public elementary schooling was biased toward elites during the colonial period. Local Korean elites chose to pay more fees for their own children, instead of paying tax for everyone. The elites also successfully limited the opportunities for public schooling through the discretionary admission process.
Conference or Workshop Item
||© 2012 The Authors
||colonial Korea, elementary education, public school finance, elite bias, Japanese imperialism
|Library of Congress subject classification:
||D History General and Old World > DS Asia
|Journal of Economic Literature Classification System:
||I - Health, Education, and Welfare > I2 - Education > I22 - Educational Finance
I - Health, Education, and Welfare > I2 - Education > I28 - Government Policy
N - Economic History > N3 - Labor and Consumers, Demography, Education, Health, Income, and Wealth > N35 - Economic History: Labor and Consumers, Demography, Education, Health, Income and Wealth: Asia including Middle East
O - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth > O1 - Economic Development > O15 - Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration
||Departments > Economic History
||09 Oct 2012 12:03
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