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Everybody needs good neighbours?: evidence from students' outcomes in England

Gibbons, Stephen, Silva, Olmo and Weinhardt, Felix (2011) Everybody needs good neighbours?: evidence from students' outcomes in England. IZA discussion paper, 5980. Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA), Bonn, Germany.

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Abstract

We estimate the effect of neighbours' characteristics and prior achievements on teenage students' educational and behavioural outcomes using census data on several cohorts of secondary school students in England. Our research design is based on changes in neighbourhood composition caused explicitly by residential migration amongst students in our dataset. The longitudinal nature and detail of the data allows us to control for student unobserved characteristics, neighbourhood fixed effects and time trends, school-by-cohort fixed effects, as well as students' observable attributes and prior attainments. The institutional setting also allows us to distinguish between neighbours who attend the same or different schools, and thus examine interactions between school and neighbourhood peers. Overall, our results provide evidence that peers in the neighbourhood have no effect on test scores, but have a small effect on behavioural outcomes, such as attitudes towards schooling and anti-social behaviour.

Item Type: Monograph (Discussion Paper)
Official URL: http://www.iza.org/
Additional Information: © 2011 Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)
Library of Congress subject classification: H Social Sciences > HC Economic History and Conditions
H Social Sciences > HN Social history and conditions. Social problems. Social reform
L Education > L Education (General)
Journal of Economic Literature Classification System: C - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods > C2 - Econometric Methods: Single Equation Models; Single Variables > C21 - Cross-Sectional Models; Spatial Models; Treatment Effect Models
H - Public Economics > H7 - State and Local Government; Intergovernmental Relations > H75 - State and Local Government: Health, Education, and Welfare
I - Health, Education, and Welfare > I2 - Education > I20 - General
R - Urban, Rural, and Regional Economics > R2 - Household Analysis > R23 - Regional Migration; Regional Labor Markets; Population
Sets: Departments > Geography and Environment
Collections > Economists Online
Research centres and groups > Centre for Economic Performance (CEP)
Rights: http://www.lse.ac.uk/library/usingTheLibrary/academicSupport/OA/depositYourResearch.aspx
Identification Number: 5980
Date Deposited: 09 Jul 2012 09:51
URL: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/44675/

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