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Is there trickle-down from tech? Poverty, employment, and the high-technology multiplier in U.S. cities

Lee, Neil and Rodríguez-Pose, Andrés ORCID: 0000-0002-8041-0856 (2016) Is there trickle-down from tech? Poverty, employment, and the high-technology multiplier in U.S. cities. Annals of the Association of American Geographers, 106 (5). 1114 - 1134. ISSN 0004-5608

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Identification Number: 10.1080/24694452.2016.1184081

Abstract

High-technology industries are seen as important in helping urban economies thrive, but at the same time they are often considered potential drivers of relative poverty and social exclusion. Little research, however, has assessed how high-tech affects urban poverty and the wages of workers with little formal education. This article addresses this gap in the literature and investigates the relationships among employment in high-tech industries, poverty, and the labor market for non-degree-educated workers using a panel of 295 Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs) in the United States between 2005 and 2011. The results show no real impact of the presence of high-technology industries on poverty and, especially, extreme poverty. Yet there is strong evidence that tech employment increases wages for non-degree-educated workers and, to a lesser extent, employment for those without degrees. These findings suggest that although tech employment has some role in improving welfare for non-degree-educated workers, tech employment alone is not enough to reduce poverty.

Item Type: Article
Official URL: https://www.tandfonline.com/toc/raag21/current
Additional Information: © 2016 by American Association of Geographers
Divisions: Geography & Environment
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor
H Social Sciences > HN Social history and conditions. Social problems. Social reform
JEL classification: R - Urban, Rural, and Regional Economics > R1 - General Regional Economics > R11 - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, and Changes
R - Urban, Rural, and Regional Economics > R1 - General Regional Economics > R12 - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade
R - Urban, Rural, and Regional Economics > R5 - Regional Government Analysis > R58 - Regional Development Policy
Sets: Departments > Geography and Environment
Collections > United States Collection
Date Deposited: 03 May 2016 10:46
Last Modified: 20 Jul 2021 01:08
Projects: 269868, ES/M007111/1
Funders: Seventh Framework Programme, Economic and Social Research Council
URI: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/id/eprint/66296

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