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Amsterdam and London as financial centers in the eighteenth century

Carlos, Ann M. and Neal, Larry (2011) Amsterdam and London as financial centers in the eighteenth century. Financial History Review, 18 (1). pp. 21-46. ISSN 0968-5650

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Identification Number: 10.1017/S0968565010000338


In the seventeenth century, Amsterdam and London developed distinctive innovations in finance through both banks and markets that facilitated the growth of trade in each city. In the eighteenth century, a symbiotic relation developed that led to bank-oriented finance in Amsterdam cooperating with market-oriented finance in London. The relationship that emerged allowed each to rise to unprecedented dominance in Europe, while the respective financial innovations in each city provided the means for the continued expansion of European trade, both within Europe and with the rest of the world. The increasing strains of war finance for the competing European powers over the course of the eighteenth century stimulated fresh financial innovations in each city that initially reinforced the symbiosis of the two centers. The external shocks arising from revolutionary movements in America and France, however, interrupted the relationship long enough to leave London as the supreme financial center. © 2011 European Association for Banking and Financial History e.V.

Item Type: Article
Official URL:
Additional Information: © 2011 Cambridge University Press
Divisions: Economic History
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HC Economic History and Conditions
JEL classification: N - Economic History > N2 - Financial Markets and Institutions > N20 - General, International, or Comparative
N - Economic History > N2 - Financial Markets and Institutions > N23 - Europe: Pre-1913
Sets: Departments > Economic History
Collections > Economists Online
Date Deposited: 13 Oct 2011 13:48
Last Modified: 20 Jun 2021 01:51

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