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From U Thant to Kofi Annan: UN peacemaking in Cyprus, 1964-2004

Ker-Lindsay, James (2005) From U Thant to Kofi Annan: UN peacemaking in Cyprus, 1964-2004. South East European Studies at Oxford (SEESOX) occasional paper series (5/05). St Antony's College, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK.

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2004 marked the fortieth anniversary of the United Nations presence in Cyprus. Since March 1964, the UN has been responsible for addressing and managing both peacekeeping and peacemaking efforts on the island. This paper focuses on this latter task. Starting with U Thant, who served as UN Secretary-General from 1961-71, it surveys and summarises the efforts of five successive secretaries-general of the United Nations to resolve the political differences between the Greek and Turkish Cypriots over the course of four decades. It concludes with the most recent effort to broker a settlement undertaken by the current Secretary-General, Kofi Annan. In addition to evaluating the various types of UN efforts undertaken, such as mediation and the mission of good offices, it also reviews the way in which the goals of the peacemaking process have changed along the way, such as the search for increased autonomy for the Turkish Cypriots, the creation of a bi-communal, bi-zonal federal settlement and confidence building. Looking ahead, and in view of suggestions that the European Union might take over a peacemaking role, the paper concludes that the UN will in fact continue to manage attempts at reunification in the future.

Item Type: Monograph (Discussion Paper)
Official URL:
Additional Information: © 2005 The Author
Divisions: Hellenic Observatory
Subjects: D History General and Old World > DE The Mediterranean Region. The Greco-Roman World
J Political Science > JZ International relations
Date Deposited: 10 Aug 2009 14:14
Last Modified: 15 Sep 2023 23:01

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