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Judge Dread: court severity, repossession risk and demand in mortgage and housing markets

Montebruno, Piero, Silva, Olmo and Szumilo, Nikodem (2021) Judge Dread: court severity, repossession risk and demand in mortgage and housing markets. Geography and Environment Discussion Paper Series (25). Department of Geography and Environment, LSE, London, UK.

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Abstract

We study the impact of borrower protection on mortgage and housing demand. We focus on variation in the likelihood that a house is repossessed – conditional on the mortgage being in arrears and taken to court – coming from heterogeneity in the severity of judges that adjudicate on repossession cases in England and Wales. We develop a simple theoretical framework that shows that too much borrower protection restricts supply, while not enough restricts demand. Market outcomes depend on which side dominates. To test the predictions of our model, we exploit exogenous spatial variation in repossession risk created by the boundaries of courts’ catchment areas. In our setting, housing market characteristics, borrower attributes and mortgage rates do not change discontinuously across these boundaries – allowing us to isolate the causal effects of severity. We find that the impact of severity is negative on both mortgage sizes and house prices. This pattern suggests that judges in our sample are too strict and that demand determines market outcomes. Furthermore, we find that our measure of borrower protection does not react to market conditions – causing frictions in credit and housing markets.

Item Type: Monograph (Discussion Paper)
Official URL: http://www.lse.ac.uk/geography-and-environment/res...
Additional Information: © 2021 The Authors
Divisions: Centre for Economic Performance
Geography & Environment
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HG Finance
K Law > K Law (General)
H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor
JEL classification: G - Financial Economics > G2 - Financial Institutions and Services > G21 - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
R - Urban, Rural, and Regional Economics > R2 - Household Analysis > R21 - Housing Demand
Date Deposited: 14 May 2021 07:18
Last Modified: 27 May 2021 14:56
URI: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/id/eprint/110474

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