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Mediation analysis for associations of categorical variables: the role of education in social class mobility in Britain

Kuha, Jouni, Bukodi, Erzsébet and Goldthorpe, John H. (2021) Mediation analysis for associations of categorical variables: the role of education in social class mobility in Britain. Annals of Applied Statistics. ISSN 1932-6157 (In Press)

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Abstract

We analyse levels and trends of intergenerational social class mobility among three post-war birth cohorts in Britain, and examine how much of the observed mobility or immobility in them could be accounted for by existing differences in educational attainment between people from different class backgrounds. We propose for this purpose a method which quantifies associations between categorical variables when we compare groups which differ only in the distribution of a mediating variable such as education. This is analogous to estimation of indirect effects in causal mediation analysis, but is here developed to define and estimate population associations of variables. We propose estimators for these associations, which depend only on fitted values from models for the mediator and outcome variables, and variance estimators for them. The analysis shows that the part that differences in education play in intergenerational class mobility is by no means so dominant as has been supposed, and that while it varies with gender and with particular mobility transitions, it shows no tendency to change over time.

Item Type: Article
Official URL: https://projecteuclid.org/journals/annals-of-appli...
Additional Information: © 2021 Institute of Mathematical Statistics
Divisions: Methodology
Statistics
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HA Statistics
Date Deposited: 20 Apr 2021 16:15
Last Modified: 21 Apr 2021 08:09
URI: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/id/eprint/110157

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