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Broadberry, Stephen and Gardner, Leigh A. (2016) Economic development in Africa and Europe: reciprocal comparisons. Revista de Historia Económica / Journal of Iberian and Latin American Economic History, 34 (1). pp. 11-37. ISSN 0212-6109
Gardner, Leigh (2015) The curious incident of the franc in the Gambia: exchange rate instability and imperial monetary systems in the 1920s. Financial History Review, 22 (03). pp. 291-314. ISSN 0968-5650
Papaioannou, Kostadis J. and de Haas, Michiel (2017) Weather shocks and agricultural commercialization in colonial tropical Africa: did cash crops alleviate social distress? World Development, 94 . pp. 346-365. ISSN 0305-750X
Broadberry, Stephen and Gardner, Leigh (2014) African economic growth in a European mirror: a historical perspective. The Economic History working papers, 202/2014. The London School of Economics and Political Science, London, UK.
Jedwab, Remi and Moradi, Alexander (2012) Revolutionizing transport: modern infrastructure, agriculture and development in Ghana. In: Modern and Comparative seminar, 8th March 2012, London School of Economics and Political Science. (Unpublished)