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How history matters for student performance: lessons from the Partitions of Poland

Bukowski, Paweł (2018) How history matters for student performance: lessons from the Partitions of Poland. Journal of Comparative Economics. pp. 1-40. ISSN 0147-5967

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Identification Number: 10.1016/j.jce.2018.10.007

Abstract

This paper examines the effect on current student performance of the 19th century Partitions of Poland among Austria, Prussia and Russia. Using a regression discontinuity design, I show that student test scores are 0.6 standard deviations higher on the Austrian side of the former Austrian-Russian border, despite the modern similarities of the three regions. However, I do not find evidence for differences across the Prussian-Russian border. Using a theoretical model and indirect evidence, I argue that the Partitions have persisted through their impact on social norms toward local schools. Nevertheless, the persistent effect of Austria is puzzling, given the historical similarities of the Austrian and Prussian education systems. I argue that the differential legacy of Austria and Prussia originates from the Austrian Empire’s policy to promote Polish identity in schools and the Prussian Empire’s efforts to Germanize the Poles through education.

Item Type: Article
Official URL: https://www.journals.elsevier.com/journal-of-compa...
Additional Information: © 2018 Elsevier
Divisions: Centre for Economic Performance
Subjects: D History General and Old World > D History (General) > D901 Europe (General)
JEL classification: I - Health, Education, and Welfare > I2 - Education > I20 - General
J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J2 - Time Allocation, Work Behavior, and Employment Determination and Creation; Human Capital; Retirement > J24 - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
N - Economic History > N3 - Labor and Consumers, Demography, Education, Health, Income, and Wealth > N30 - Economic History: Labor and Consumers, Demography, Education, Health, Income and Wealth: General, International, or Comparative (Migration)
O - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth > O1 - Economic Development > O15 - Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration
Sets: Research centres and groups > Centre for Economic Performance (CEP)
Date Deposited: 21 Nov 2018 12:50
Last Modified: 13 Mar 2019 00:11
Funders: Economic & Social Research Council
URI: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/id/eprint/90643

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