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Economic crisis and benefits of the internet: differentiated internet usage by employment status

Campos, Raquel ORCID: 0009-0008-7715-3706, Arrazola, María and de Hevia, José (2016) Economic crisis and benefits of the internet: differentiated internet usage by employment status. Economics of Innovation and New Technology, 26 (3). pp. 269-294. ISSN 1043-8599

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Identification Number: 10.1080/10438599.2016.1188524


Using data from the Spanish Survey on Equipment and Use of ICTs in Households for 2007–2011, this paper evaluates the effect of employment status on the diffusion of the Internet among the labor force. We use a bivariate probit with sample selection model to account for a potential selection bias that arises because online usage is only observed for Internet users. Our results show that, controlling for income, employment influences online adoption and usage, and we find evidence of a digital divide in adoption and usage by education and age among the labor force. Employed individuals are more likely to have accessed the Internet and used it more frequently than the unemployed and for different activities. However, conditional on adoption, they do not use the Internet for more personal activities. These findings suggest that firms promote and subsidize Internet access, but this sponsored access does not translate into more personal use.

Item Type: Article
Official URL:
Additional Information: © 2016 Taylor & Francis
Divisions: Management
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor > HD28 Management. Industrial Management
JEL classification: J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J2 - Time Allocation, Work Behavior, and Employment Determination and Creation; Human Capital; Retirement > J20 - General
J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J6 - Mobility, Unemployment, and Vacancies > J64 - Unemployment: Models, Duration, Incidence, and Job Search
O - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth > O3 - Technological Change; Research and Development > O33 - Technological Change: Choices and Consequences; Diffusion Processes
Date Deposited: 21 Sep 2018 11:59
Last Modified: 29 May 2024 16:45

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