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Larrikin youth: crime and Queensland's earning or learning reform

Beatton, Tony, Kidd, Michael P., Machin, Stephen and Sarkar, Dipanwita (2018) Larrikin youth: crime and Queensland's earning or learning reform. Labour Economics, 52. pp. 149-159. ISSN 0927-5371

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Identification Number: 10.1016/j.labeco.2017.11.003


This paper analyses the impact of the introduction of an Earning or Learning reform on youth crime in Queensland, Australia. The 2006 reform increased learning and reduced earning as school participation rose post-reform, while teen employment fell. Empirical analysis of detailed administrative data reveals that criminal offending fell significantly after enactment of the reform. For males, violent, property and drug crime all declined, while the main effect for females was a significant fall in property crime. The property and drug crime falls are underpinned by a significant incapacitation effect, with some evidence of a persistent crime reduction for young men and women at later ages. Crime reduction resulting from the reform is concentrated in significant falls in the likelihood of ever offending by marginal individuals, rather than lower criminality of recalcitrant persistent offenders.

Item Type: Article
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Additional Information: © 2017 Elsevier B.V.
Divisions: Centre for Economic Performance
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HB Economic Theory
H Social Sciences > HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare. Criminology
JEL classification: I - Health, Education, and Welfare > I2 - Education
K - Law and Economics > K4 - Legal Procedure, the Legal System, and Illegal Behavior > K42 - Illegal Behavior and the Enforcement of Law
Date Deposited: 11 Jun 2018 10:18
Last Modified: 15 May 2024 23:17

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