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Swedish professionals and gender inequalities

Mueller, Charles, Kuruvilla, Sarosh and Iverson, Roderick D. (1994) Swedish professionals and gender inequalities. Social Forces, 73 (2). pp. 555-573. ISSN 0037-7732

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Identification Number: 10.1093/sf/73.2.555


The match of ideology and policy regarding gender equality in a corporatist society like Sweden should result in reduced gender inequality in access to supervisory authority and in earnings. The magnitude and form of this inequality is studied for a national sample of 1,359 full-time members of the professional union SACO in 1987–88. We find that Swedish professional women have only 68% of the supervisory positions that men have and 77% of the earnings that men have. These differences are not explained by process differences; human capital, family status, and structural variables generally produce access to authority and earnings similarly for men and women. Although there are mean resource differences in human capital and structural resources that disadvantage women and thus partly explain the gaps, the major factor explaining these gender gaps is occupational segregation. However, even when men and women are equalized on occupation and other explanatory variables, a gap favoring men is still found.

Item Type: Article
Official URL:
Additional Information: © 1994 The University of North Carolina Press
Divisions: Management
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor > HD28 Management. Industrial Management
Date Deposited: 14 May 2018 16:22
Last Modified: 15 May 2024 23:36

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