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Central America: from war to violence

Pearce, Jenny (2016) Central America: from war to violence. In: Richmond, Oliver P., Pogodda, Sandra and Ramović, Jasmin, (eds.) The Palgrave Handbook of Disciplinary and Regional Approaches to Peace. Palgrave Macmillan, Basingstoke, UK, pp. 450-462. ISBN 9781137407597

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Identification Number: 10.1007/978-1-137-40761-0_35


The de facto ending of the contra war in Nicaragua1 in 1987, the formal Peace Agreement in El Salvador in 1992, and the Peace Accords in Guatemala in 1996 were significant events in the inception of what I call the post-Cold War ‘Peace Turn’. This was the moment when peace and peacebuilding became part of the agenda of Western governments and international agencies. El Salvador was one of the first countries to engage in a formal UN-brokered peace agreement, and the experience was one of a number of Cold War peace settlements that influenced the UN secretary-general’s announcement of a UN ‘Agenda for Peace’ in 1992. A supplementary paper in 19952 noted that since the late 1980s, the UN had helped parties in conflict to implement post-conflict settlements, and cited Namibia, Angola, El Salvador, Cambodia and Mozambique as examples of successful operations. The document developed the idea of post-conflict peacebuilding as a further aspect of the Agenda for Peace. ‘Building Peace’ became a major enterprise of the international community, intergovernmental, governmental and non-governmental organizations. It was rarely recognized that there could be a fundamental tension between the ‘Peace Turn’ and the global ‘Neoliberal Turn’ with which it coincided.3

Item Type: Book Section
Official URL:
Additional Information: © 2016 The Author
Divisions: IGA: Latin America and Caribbean Centre
Subjects: F History United States, Canada, Latin America > F1201 Latin America (General)
J Political Science > JL Political institutions (America except United States)
J Political Science > JZ International relations
Date Deposited: 05 Oct 2017 13:59
Last Modified: 20 Jul 2021 00:35

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