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The effects of intergenerational programmes on children and young people

Park, A-La (2015) The effects of intergenerational programmes on children and young people. International Journal of School and Cognitive Psychology, 2 (1). pp. 1-5. ISSN 1234-3425

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Identification Number: 10.4172/1234-3425.1000118

Abstract

Background: Schools can provide a powerful environment for shared learning among similar age groups as well as different generations. This study aims to explore the literature on the effectiveness and economic aspects of intergenerational interventions among children and young people in terms of academic performance and psychosocial outcomes. Methods: A literature review was conducted to assess current research regarding intergenerational activities and outcomes among young people. The search included English-language publications that reported original data from January 1986 to mid-2014. Studies were published in a peer-reviewed journal with no country restriction. Supplementary searched were conducted and a narrative synthesis was performed. Intergenerational interventions involving older people with dementia were excluded. Results: There were positive trends in mental health and social aspects of the outcomes such as positive changes in attitudes towards older people shown as better mutual understanding, decreased stereotyping of older people, and more respect for them. Better psychological outcomes were found, including reduced anxiety and an improved sense of self-worth. The intergenerational programmes in non-kin relationships also promoted better family relationships. In addition, classroom behaviours were improved among children in need of fostering pro-social behaviours and there was a non-significant improvement in early literacy development. Conclusion: More studies with larger sample sizes and longer term follow-ups are needed to explore the possible transferability of the results to different country contexts. Economic modelling techniques can be more utilised to explore the generalisability of the findings from one to another setting under various scenarios. This would facilitate a more optimal allocation of scare resources by justifying the decision on whether investments in intergenerational activities at a strategic level would be worth pursuing as a public health intervention for a whole society.

Item Type: Article
Official URL: http://omicsonline.com/open-access/school-cognitiv...
Additional Information: ©2015 Park A-La
Divisions: Social Policy
Personal Social Services Research Unit
Subjects: L Education > LB Theory and practice of education
L Education > LC Special aspects of education
Sets: Departments > Social Policy
Research centres and groups > Personal Social Services Research Unit (PSSRU)
Date Deposited: 22 May 2015 16:17
Last Modified: 25 Mar 2019 00:10
URI: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/id/eprint/62083

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