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Trading away what kind of jobs?: globalization, trade and tasks in the US economy

Kemeny, Thomas and Rigby, David (2012) Trading away what kind of jobs?: globalization, trade and tasks in the US economy. Review of World Economics, 148 (1). pp. 1-16. ISSN 1610-2878

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Identification Number: 10.1007/s10290-011-0099-5


Economists and other social scientists are calling for a reassessment of the impact of international trade on labor markets in developed and developing countries. Classical models of globalization and trade, based upon the international exchange of finished goods, fail to capture the fragmentation of much commodity production and the geographical separation of individual production tasks. This fragmentation, captured in the growing volume of intra-industry trade, prompts investigation of the effects of trade within, rather than between, sectors of the economy. In this paper we examine the relationship between international trade and the task structure of US employment. We link disaggregate US trade data from 1972 to 2006, the NBER manufacturing database, the Decennial Census, and occupational and task data from the Dictionary of Occupational Titles. Within-industry shifts in task characteristics are linked to import competition and technological change. Our results suggest that trade has played a major role in the growth in relative demand for nonroutine tasks, particularly those requiring high levels of interpersonal interaction.

Item Type: Article
Official URL:
Additional Information: © 2011 Kiel Institute
Divisions: Geography & Environment
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HC Economic History and Conditions
H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor > HD2329 Industrialization
H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor > HD28 Management. Industrial Management
JEL classification: F - International Economics > F1 - Trade > F16 - Trade and Labor Market Interactions
J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J2 - Time Allocation, Work Behavior, and Employment Determination and Creation; Human Capital; Retirement > J21 - Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure
L - Industrial Organization > L2 - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior > L23 - Organization of Production
Date Deposited: 19 Sep 2013 15:46
Last Modified: 16 May 2024 01:31

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