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Why do management practices differ across firms and countries?

Bloom, Nick and Van Reenen, John (2010) Why do management practices differ across firms and countries? Centre for Economic Performance occasional papers, CEPOP26. Centre for Economic Performance, London School of Economics and Political Science, London, UK.

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Abstract

Economists have long puzzled over the astounding differences in productivity between firms and countries. For example, looking at disaggregated data on U.S. manufacturing industries, Syverson (2004a) found that plants at the 90th percentile produced four times as much as the plant in the 10th percentile on a per-employee basis. Only half of this difference in labor productivity could be accounted for by differential inputs, such as capital intensity. Syverson looked at industries defined at the four-digit level in the Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) system (now the North American Industry Classification System or NAICS) like 'Bakeries and Tortilla Manufacturing' or 'Plastics Product Manufacturing.' Foster, Haltiwanger, and Syverson (2008) show large differences in total factor productivity even within very homogeneous goods industries such as boxes and block ice. Some of these productivity differences across firms and plants are temporary, but in large part they persist over time. At the country level, Hall and Jones (1999) and Jones and Romer (2009) show how the stark differences in productivity across countries account for a substantial fraction of the differences in average per capita income. Both at the plant level and at the national level, differences in productivity are typically calculated as a residual-that is, productivity is inferred as the gap between output and inputs that cannot be accounted for by conventionally measured inputs.

Item Type: Monograph (Technical Report)
Official URL: http://cep.lse.ac.uk/
Additional Information: © 2010 The Authors
Library of Congress subject classification: H Social Sciences > HB Economic Theory
H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor > HD28 Management. Industrial Management
Journal of Economic Literature Classification System: F - International Economics > F2 - International Factor Movements and International Business > F23 - Multinational Firms; International Business
L - Industrial Organization > L2 - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior > L25 - Firm Performance: Size, Diversification and Scope, Age, Profit, and Sales
M - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting > M1 - Business Administration > M10 - General
Sets: Departments > Economics
Collections > Economists Online
Research centres and groups > Centre for Economic Performance (CEP)
Rights: http://www.lse.ac.uk/library/usingTheLibrary/academicSupport/OA/depositYourResearch.aspx
Identification Number: CEPOP26
Date Deposited: 23 Nov 2012 09:46
URL: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/47491/

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