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Does management matter?: evidence from India

Bloom, Nick, Eifert, Ben, Mahajan, Aprajit, McKenzie, David and Roberts, John (2010) Does management matter?: evidence from India. Working paper, 10/0873. International Growth Centre, London, UK.

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Abstract

A long-standing question in social science is to what extent differences in management cause differences in firm performance. To investigate this we ran a management field experiment on large Indian textile firms. We provided free consulting on modern management practices to a randomly chosen set of treatment plants and compared their performance to the control plants. We find that adopting these management practices had three main effects. First, it raised average productivity by 11 per cent through improved quality and efficiency and reduced inventory. Second, it increased decentralization of decision making, as better information flow enabled owners to delegate more decisions to middle managers. Third, it increased the use of computers, necessitated by the data collection and analysis involved in modern management. Since these practices were profitable this raises the question of why firms had not adopted these before. Our results suggest that informational barriers were a primary factor in explaining this lack of adoption. Modern management is a technology that diffuses slowly between firms, with many Indian firms initially unaware of its existence or impact. Since competition was limited by constraints on firm entry and growth, badly managed firms were not rapidly driven from the market.

Item Type: Monograph (Working Paper)
Official URL: http://www.theigc.org/node/1262
Additional Information: © 2010 The Authors
Library of Congress subject classification: H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor > HD28 Management. Industrial Management
Sets: Research centres and groups > Centre for Economic Performance (CEP)
Research centres and groups > International Growth Centre (IGC)
Rights: http://www.lse.ac.uk/library/usingTheLibrary/academicSupport/OA/depositYourResearch.aspx
Identification Number: 10/0873
Date Deposited: 25 May 2011 13:17
URL: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/36366/

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