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The educational gradient of childbearing within cohabitation in Europe

Perelli-Harris, Brienna, Sigle-Rushton, Wendy ORCID: 0000-0002-8450-960X, Kreyenfeld, Michaela, Lappegård, Trude, Keizer, Renske and Berghammer, Caroline (2010) The educational gradient of childbearing within cohabitation in Europe. Population and Development Review, 36 (4). pp. 775-801. ISSN 0098-7921

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Identification Number: 10.1111/j.1728-4457.2010.00357.x


Nearly every European Country has experienced some increase in nonmarital childbearing, largely due to increasing births within cohabitation. Relatively few studies in Europe, however, investigate the educational gradient of childbearing within cohabitation or how it changed over time. Using retrospective union and fertility histories, we employ competing risk hazard models to examine the educational gradient of childbearing in cohabitation in eight countries across europe. In all countries studied, birth risks within cohabitation demonstrated a negative educational gradient. When directly comparing cohabiting fertility with marital fertility, the negative educational gradient persists in all countries except Italy, although differences were not significant in Austria, France, and West Germany. To explain these findings, we present an alternative explanation for the increase in childbearing within cohabitation that goes beyond the explanation of the Second Demographic Transition and provides a new interpretation of the underlying mechanisms that may influence childbearing within cohabitation.

Item Type: Article
Official URL:
Additional Information: © 2010 The Population Council, Inc.
Divisions: Social Policy
Centre for Analysis of Social Exclusion
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HQ The family. Marriage. Woman
L Education > L Education (General)
Date Deposited: 10 Jan 2011 10:12
Last Modified: 20 Oct 2021 03:13

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