Gutiérrez Sanín, Francisco (2005) The times of democratic involutions. Crisis States Research Centre working papers series 1, 25. Crisis States Research Centre, London School of Economics and Political Science, London, UK.
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This paper examines the political processes whereby earlier optimism for democratic transition in the five Andean countries (Bolivia, Colombia, Peru, Ecuador and Venezuela) has given way more recently to a general weakening of democratic structures. While none has fallen into open dictatorship, they have all seen a gradual installation of a strong presidential executive, over which controls have been weakened; weaker parliamentary organisations; and traditional parties being supplanted by anti-political outsiders. Dividing recent history into two periods (Period 1, 1960s/70s; Period 2, 1980s/90s) he argues that these countries have gone through a double transition: of political regime and of the development model followed; and that neo-liberal adjustments have not sat well with democracy.
|Item Type:||Monograph (Working Paper)|
|Additional Information:||© 2005 Francisco Gutiérrez Sanín. First published March 2003, revised January 2005.|
|Library of Congress subject classification:||J Political Science > JL Political institutions (America except United States)
F History United States, Canada, Latin America > F1201 Latin America (General)
J Political Science > JC Political theory
|Sets:||Departments > International Development
Research centres and groups > Crisis States Research Centre
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