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Varieties of indoctrination: the politicization of education and the media around the world

Neundorf, Anja, Nazrullaeva, Eugenia, Northmore-Ball, Ksenia, Tertytchnaya, Katerina and Kim, Wooseok (2024) Varieties of indoctrination: the politicization of education and the media around the world. Perspectives on Politics. ISSN 1537-5927

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Identification Number: 10.1017/S1537592723002967


For many decades, scholars assumed voluntary compliance and citizens' commitment to a regime's principles and values to be critical for regime stability. A growing literature argues that indoctrination is essential to achieve this congruence. However, the absence of a clear definition and comprehensive comparative measures of indoctrination have hindered systematic research on such issues. In this paper, we fill this gap by synthesizing literature across disciplines to clarify the concept of indoctrination, focusing particularly on the politicization of education and the media. We then outline how the abstract concept can be operationalized, and introduce and validate an original expert-coded dataset on indoctrination that covers 160 countries from 1945 to the present. The dataset should facilitate a new generation of empirical inquiry on the causes and consequences of indoctrination.

Item Type: Article
Official URL:
Additional Information: © 2024 The Author(s)
Divisions: School of Public Policy
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Subjects: J Political Science > JC Political theory
L Education > L Education (General)
Date Deposited: 22 Apr 2024 11:09
Last Modified: 06 Jun 2024 00:27

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