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Climate-related natural disasters and voting behavior: evidence from environmental legislation in the US senate

Elliott, Robert J.R., Nguyen-Tien, Viet, Strobl, Eric A. and Tveit, Thomas (2023) Climate-related natural disasters and voting behavior: evidence from environmental legislation in the US senate. Journal of the Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, 10 (3). 753 - 786. ISSN 2333-5955

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Identification Number: 10.1086/722540


This study investigates whether US senators are more likely to vote in favor of environmentally friendly legislation following damages caused by climate-related natural disasters. We combine senatorial scores of roll call votes on environmental legislation with modeled state-level human and economic natural disaster losses over a 44-year period. Our results show that support for environmental legislation increases in response to unusual human losses but does not respond to unusual economic losses. We also find that the documented response to natural disasters is two years and relatively short-lived. Geography, constituent partisanship, local economic conditions, and senatorial experience affect themagnitude and precision of the treatment effect.

Item Type: Article
Official URL:
Additional Information: © 2023 The Association of Environmental and Resource Economists
Divisions: Centre for Economic Performance
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HB Economic Theory
H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor > HD28 Management. Industrial Management
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
JEL classification: D - Microeconomics > D7 - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making > D72 - Economic Models of Political Processes: Rent-Seeking, Elections, Legislatures, and Voting Behavior
K - Law and Economics > K3 - Other Substantive Areas of Law > K32 - Environmental, Health, and Safety Law
N - Economic History > N4 - Government, War, Law, and Regulation > N40 - General, International, or Comparative
Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics > Q5 - Environmental Economics > Q54 - Climate; Natural Disasters
R - Urban, Rural, and Regional Economics > R1 - General Regional Economics > R11 - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, and Changes
Date Deposited: 12 May 2023 14:00
Last Modified: 07 Jul 2024 22:15

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