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The value of formal host-country education for the labour market position of refugees: evidence from Austria

Ludolph, Lars (2023) The value of formal host-country education for the labour market position of refugees: evidence from Austria. Economics of Education Review, 92. ISSN 0272-7757

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Identification Number: 10.1016/j.econedurev.2022.102334


Refugees hosted in countries with advanced economies often work in low quality jobs, regardless of the education they obtained in their home countries. In this paper, I analyse the long-term impact of formal host-country education for refugees on labour market outcomes, using 22 years of microcensus data on Bosnians arriving in Austria during the 1992–1995 Bosnian war. I estimate local average treatment effects using age at the time of forced migration as an instrument for the probability of receiving education in Austria instead of Bosnia. I find that receiving a formal degree in Austria significantly reduced the probability of work below educational attainment and low-skill employment for two decades after arrival. There are visible income differences between holders of Austrian and Bosnian degrees beyond this period. Female refugees benefited significantly more from obtaining host-country education than males.

Item Type: Article
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Additional Information: © 2022 The Authors
Divisions: Geography & Environment
Subjects: L Education > LB Theory and practice of education
H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor
J Political Science > JV Colonies and colonization. Emigration and immigration. International migration
JEL classification: F - International Economics > F2 - International Factor Movements and International Business > F22 - International Migration
J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J1 - Demographic Economics > J15 - Economics of Minorities and Races; Non-labor Discrimination
Date Deposited: 21 Nov 2022 16:51
Last Modified: 08 Apr 2024 19:21

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