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Technology gaps, trade and income

Sampson, Thomas (2023) Technology gaps, trade and income. American Economic Review, 113 (2). 472 - 513. ISSN 0002-8282

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Identification Number: 10.1257/aer.20201940

Abstract

This paper quantifies the contribution of technology gaps to international income inequality. I develop an endogenous growth model where cross-country differences in R&D efficiency and cross-industry differences in innovation and adoption opportunities together determine equilibrium technology gaps, trade patterns and income inequality. Countries with higher R&D efficiency are richer and have comparative advantage in more innovation-dependent industries. I calibrate R&D efficiency by country and innovation-dependence by industry using R&D, patent and bilateral trade data. Counterfactual analysis implies technology gaps account for one-quarter to one-third of nominal wage variation within the OECD.

Item Type: Article
Official URL: https://www.aeaweb.org/journals/aer
Additional Information: © 2022 American Economic Review.
Divisions: Economics
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HB Economic Theory
JEL classification: F - International Economics > F1 - Trade > F14 - Country and Industry Studies of Trade
D - Microeconomics > D3 - Distribution > D31 - Personal Income, Wealth, and Their Distributions
D - Microeconomics > D2 - Production and Organizations > D24 - Production; Cost; Capital and Total Factor Productivity; Capacity
O - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth > O3 - Technological Change; Research and Development > O31 - Innovation and Invention: Processes and Incentives
D - Microeconomics > D2 - Production and Organizations > D21 - Firm Behavior
O - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth > O3 - Technological Change; Research and Development > O33 - Technological Change: Choices and Consequences; Diffusion Processes
O - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth > O4 - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity > O47 - Measurement of Economic Growth; Aggregate Productivity; Cross-Country Output (Income) Convergence
Date Deposited: 18 Nov 2022 16:51
Last Modified: 27 Feb 2024 21:51
URI: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/id/eprint/117370

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