Cookies?
Library Header Image
LSE Research Online LSE Library Services

Consumption access and agglomeration: evidence from smartphone data

Redding, Stephen, Nakajima, Kentaro and Miyauchi, Yuhei (2021) Consumption access and agglomeration: evidence from smartphone data. CEP Discussion Papers (1745). Centre for Economic Performance, LSE, London, UK.

[img] Text (dp1745) - Published Version
Download (7MB)

Abstract

We provide new theory and evidence on the role of consumption access in understanding the agglomeration of economic activity. We combine smartphone data that records user location every 5 minutes of the day with economic census data on the location of service-sector establishments to measure commuting and noncommuting trips within the Greater Tokyo metropolitan area. We show that non-commuting trips are frequent, more localized than commuting trips, strongly related to the availability of nontraded services, and occur along trip chains. Guided by these empirical findings, we develop a quantitative urban model that incorporates travel to work and travel to consume non-traded services. Using the structure of the model, we estimate theoretically-consistent measures of travel access, and show that consumption access makes a sizable contribution relative to workplace access in explaining the observed variation in residents and land prices across locations. Undertaking counterfactuals for changes in travel costs, we show that abstracting from consumption trips leads to a substantial underestimate of the welfare gains from a transport improvement (because of the undercounting of trips) and leads to a distorted picture of changes in travel patterns within the city (because of the different geography of commuting and non-commuting trips).

Item Type: Monograph (Discussion Paper)
Official URL: https://cep.lse.ac.uk/_new/publications/discussion...
Additional Information: © 2021 The Authors
Divisions: Centre for Economic Performance
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HC Economic History and Conditions
H Social Sciences > HN Social history and conditions. Social problems. Social reform
T Technology > T Technology (General)
JEL classification: O - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth > O1 - Economic Development > O18 - Regional, Urban, and Rural Analyses
R - Urban, Rural, and Regional Economics > R1 - General Regional Economics > R12 - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade
R - Urban, Rural, and Regional Economics > R4 - Transportation Systems > R40 - General
Date Deposited: 15 Mar 2022 09:54
Last Modified: 15 Mar 2022 10:06
URI: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/id/eprint/114353

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics