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A liberal region in a world of closed borders? The liberalization of asylum policies in Latin America, 1990-2020

Hammoud Gallego, Omar (2021) A liberal region in a world of closed borders? The liberalization of asylum policies in Latin America, 1990-2020. International Migration Review. ISSN 0197-9183

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Identification Number: 10.1177/01979183211026202

Abstract

Recent scholarship has claimed that countries across Latin America have been adopting an increasingly liberal and more advanced legal framework for the protection of refugees. Yet little systematic cross-country evidence beyond case studies exists to back up this claim. To address this gap in the literature, I develop a new methodology — called the Asylum Policies in Latin America (APLA) Database — to measure policy outputs on asylum across Latin America over time. Applying this new methodology, I present the results of the codification of 19 Latin American countries, over a 31-year period (1990–2020), using 65 indicators to track the development of policy measures on asylum. The findings from this new database confirm the claim from existing research that countries across Latin America have developed an increasingly complex and more liberal legal framework for the protection of refugees. This liberal trend in asylum legislation stands in contrast to findings of increased restrictiveness over the same period across OECD countries. The APLA Database represents a unique contribution to the fields of migration and refugee studies, as it provides systematic data on the nature and development of asylum policies in Latin America through highly disaggregated data on policy outputs. Additionally, APLA demonstrates the existence of intra-regional variation. It also allows scholars to develop and test hypotheses in the field of asylum studies and provides a reference database for comparative analyses of asylum policies in Latin America, as well as a framework for the comparative study of asylum policies across the globe.

Item Type: Article
Official URL: https://journals.sagepub.com/home/mrx
Additional Information: © 2021 The Author
Divisions: Government
Subjects: J Political Science > JV Colonies and colonization. Emigration and immigration. International migration
J Political Science > JL Political institutions (America except United States)
Date Deposited: 02 Jun 2021 15:06
Last Modified: 15 Sep 2021 11:24
URI: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/id/eprint/110752

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