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Locke and Hume’s philosophical theory of color is investigated through a case study of Esref Armagan, an artist born blind

Hayhoe, Simon, Cohen, Ruby and Carrizosa, Helena Garcia (2019) Locke and Hume’s philosophical theory of color is investigated through a case study of Esref Armagan, an artist born blind. Journal of Blindness Innovation and Research, 9 (1). ISSN 2155-2894

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Identification Number: 10.5241/9-149


This article investigates Locke and Hume’s philosophical theory of color, through a study of the fine art practice of Esref Armagan, a Turkish artist who was born blind. The philosophical theory of color is important to the cultural history of blindness, as it has been used to justify early curricula in schools for the blind. This study is based on the following research question: Can people who are born blind understand color in the fine arts? The study is part of a grounded methodology study of art practices and visual impairment, whose findings informed a participatory study of museum access. This article examines part of the study’s first phase, and focuses on the practice of the blind Turkish artist, Esref Armagan. Data was collected through a translated correspondence interview with Esref Armagan, and an examination of research articles focusing on Armagan’s drawing skills. The study’s data is analyzed using Anderson, Krathwohl, and Bloom’s (2001) learning hierarchy. It is found that Armagan has an extensive knowledge of color and other visual concepts, developed symbolically. What is more, not only does Armagan have a knowledge of color, but he can use this knowledge creatively in accordance with Anderson et al.’s (2001) highest level of learning (level 6). The article concludes that Locke and Hume’s philosophical theory of color can be challenged in the context of the creative fine arts, as Armagan could develop unique, creative images using color. Therefore, our application of the philosophical theory of color on the education of students with visual impairments, and the pedagogical and andragogical practice based on these theories, should be questioned.

Item Type: Article
Official URL:
Additional Information: © 2019 National Federation of the Blind
Divisions: Philosophy, Logic and Scientific Method
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > B Philosophy (General)
N Fine Arts > N Visual arts (General) For photography, see TR
Date Deposited: 19 Oct 2019 10:36
Last Modified: 16 May 2024 02:52

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