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Dear British criminology: where has all the race and racism gone?

Phillips, Coretta, Earle, Rod, Parmar, A and Smith, D (2019) Dear British criminology: where has all the race and racism gone? Theoretical Criminology. ISSN 1362-4806 (In Press)

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At the start of this century, Garland and Sparks (2000) called for a reconfiguring of criminology to facilitate the vibrant transformation of modes of theorizing, empirical research, and political engagement (see also Loader and Sparks, 2011; Carrabine, 2016). Their exhortation was fuelled by the recognition that crime and punishment are deeply enmeshed in the routines, emotions and cultural imaginations of our everyday lives and centrally implicated in political decision-making. In turn, Carbado and Roithmayr (2014), as critical race scholars, insist there is a powerful and longstanding dialectical relationship between race and crime. This operates so that when we think of crime we have black people in mind, and when we think of black people we have crime in mind. Other variations work but the prevailing paradigm is one of Otherness (or ‘non-whiteness’) being synonymous with crime or its threatening presence (see also Cuneen 2011). Rather than engaging with this enmeshment of race, crime and the public and political imaginary, criminology has tended to focus on the numerical incidence of race and disproportionality in criminal justice outcomes, defaulting to a positivist lens of quantification, rather than theorizing race’s complex material and symbolic manifestations in the intersection with crime, control and social order (Bosworth et al., 2008; Parmar, 2016).

Item Type: Article
Official URL:
Additional Information: © 2019 The Author
Divisions: Social Policy
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HT Communities. Classes. Races
H Social Sciences > HN Social history and conditions. Social problems. Social reform
Date Deposited: 13 Sep 2019 13:39
Last Modified: 23 Oct 2019 23:20

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