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State capitalism, economic systems and the performance of state owned firms

Estrin, Saul ORCID: 0000-0002-3447-8593, Liang, Zhixiang, Shapiro, Daniel and Carney, Michael (2018) State capitalism, economic systems and the performance of state owned firms. Acta Oeconomica, 69 (S1). pp. 175-193. ISSN 0001-6373

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Identification Number: 10.1556/032.2019.69.S1.11


In this paper, we pursue two related research questions. First, we enquire whether state owned enterprises (SOEs) perform better than privately owned firms in a large variety of emerging markets. To test this, we develop a unique dataset using firm-level data from the World Bank Enterprise Survey (WBES), resulting in a sample of over 50,000 firms from 57 understudied countries including emerging capitalist, former socialist and state capitalist ones. Our results suggest that SOEs do display productivity advantages over private firms in these understudied economies. Our second research question asks whether the performance of state-owned firms in these understudied countries is context specific, namely whether performance depends on the institutional system to which a country is classified. We refer to these systems as configurations. In particular, we are interested in whether state owned firms perform better in “state capitalist” countries including China and Vietnam. We find empirical support for the argument that the “state led” configuration provides better institutional support for the ownership advantages of SOEs than others.

Item Type: Article
Official URL:
Additional Information: © 2019 Akadémiai Kiadó Zrt.
Divisions: Management
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
H Social Sciences > HG Finance
JEL classification: L - Industrial Organization > L4 - Antitrust Issues and Policies > L44 - Antitrust Policy and Public Enterprise, Nonprofit Institutions, and Professional Organizations
P - Economic Systems > P3 - Socialist Institutions and Their Transitions > P31 - Socialist Enterprises and Their Transitions
P - Economic Systems > P5 - Comparative Economic Systems
Date Deposited: 17 Jan 2019 15:06
Last Modified: 20 Oct 2021 00:16

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