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Women’s mid-life health in low and middle income countries: a comparative analysis of the timing and speed of health deterioration in six countries

Leone, Tiziana (2019) Women’s mid-life health in low and middle income countries: a comparative analysis of the timing and speed of health deterioration in six countries. SSM - Population Health, 7. ISSN 2352-8273

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Identification Number: 10.1016/j.ssmph.2018.100341

Abstract

Mid-life ageing is a neglected stage of women’s lives, particularly in Low and Middle Income Countries (LMICs). Birth injuries, menopause, manual labour in particular for women in more deprived areas can cause health problems from mid-life onward. This study analyses the relationship between health deterioration and age in women across wealth groups in 6 countries (China, Ghana, Mexico, Russia, South Africa and India). Using constrained cubic splines, I analysed data from 23,814 women included in wave 1 of the WHO Survey on global AGEing and adult health (SAGE) to look at the age and wealth patterns in the onset of deterioration in grip strength, cognitive functions and walking speed. Results show a clear pattern of deterioration in grip strength in middle-aged women. The onset of health deterioration starts earlier in countries where fertility and maternal mortality have been higher in the last decades (India and Ghana). Deterioration starts dramatically earlier for the poor with differences across countries. This study shows clearly that the onset of ageing in women starts already in the early forties in LMICs. Mid-life health of women, in particular from poorer backgrounds, needs further attention as preventative interventions could be targeted in simple ways at community level.

Item Type: Article
Official URL: https://www.journals.elsevier.com/ssm-population-h...
Additional Information: © 2018 The Author
Divisions: International Development
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HM Sociology
H Social Sciences > HN Social history and conditions. Social problems. Social reform
H Social Sciences > HQ The family. Marriage. Woman
R Medicine > RG Gynecology and obstetrics
Sets: Departments > International Development
Date Deposited: 11 Dec 2018 12:13
Last Modified: 31 Jan 2019 17:33
Funders: Titmuss Meinhardt
URI: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/id/eprint/91192

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