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NGOs and civil society: the politics of crafting a civic welfare infrastructure in the Hu-Wen period

Howell, Jude (2019) NGOs and civil society: the politics of crafting a civic welfare infrastructure in the Hu-Wen period. China Quarterly, 237. 58 - 81. ISSN 0305-7410

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Identification Number: 10.1017/S0305741018001236


Since 2015 rights-based NGOs, lawyers, feminists and journalists have endured the most stringent crackdown since 1989. Simultaneously the Xi Li administration has pushed forward a series of laws, policies and regulatory changes to enable service-oriented NGOs to apply for government contracts to provide welfare services. This seemingly Janus-like policy of welfarist incorporation can be traced back to the Hu-Wen period, often described as a lacklustre period, despite significant efforts to tackle issues of poverty and inequality. This article argues for a more balanced appraisal of this period by exploring in depth the complex politics underpinning efforts to pluralize welfare provision by involving service-oriented NGOs. It explores three sets of politics influencing this policy process: Inter-institutional politics; state/non-state actor politics; and domestic/external politics. Furthermore, it considers processes of gradual institutional change adopted by key political actors to achieve these ends.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2018 SOAS University of London
Divisions: International Development
Subjects: D History General and Old World > DS Asia
H Social Sciences > HC Economic History and Conditions
H Social Sciences > HN Social history and conditions. Social problems. Social reform
Date Deposited: 05 Oct 2018 13:46
Last Modified: 20 Oct 2021 03:09

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