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Intention, beliefs and mood assessed using electronic diaries predicts attendance at cardiac rehabilitation: an observational study

Jones, Martyn C., Smith, Karen, Herber, Oliver, White, Myra, Steele, Fiona and Johnston, Derek W. (2018) Intention, beliefs and mood assessed using electronic diaries predicts attendance at cardiac rehabilitation: an observational study. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 88. pp. 143-152. ISSN 0020-7489

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Identification Number: 10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2018.08.015


Background: Cardiac rehabilitation is effective in promoting physical/psychological recovery following acute coronary syndrome. Yet, rates of attendance at outpatient cardiac rehabilitation by eligible patients are low. Objectives: This study examined the determinants of attendance at outpatient cardiac rehabilitation in acute coronary syndrome patients following discharge until cardiac rehabilitation commencement. Design: A weekly electronic diary measured cardiac-related cognitions and mood and examined their relation to attendance at outpatient cardiac rehabilitation. Settings: Three United Kingdom National Health Service secondary care settings in two Health Board areas in Scotland. Participants: Acute coronary syndrome patients were recruited from March 2012 to June 2013 prior to hospital discharge. Of 488 eligible patients referred for cardiac rehabilitation, 214 consented. Results: 166 participants provided, on average, 5 weeks of diary entries before cardiac rehabilitation commenced. High intention (i.e. low “do not intend”) to attend CR and its rate of increase over time predicted attendance. Low negative emotional representation, high perceived necessity, high confidence in maintaining function, low negative affect, and high positive affect following discharge predicted attendance at cardiac rehabilitation. The rate of change in cardiac-related mood and these cognitions was not predictive. Baseline and rate of change in “do not intend” entirely mediated relationships between a) perceived necessity, b) negative affect and attendance at cardiac rehabilitation. Conclusions: Negative affect in the first weeks following discharge represents the key challenge to a patient maintaining their intention to attend cardiac rehabilitation. Intervention to improve attendance should focus on improving intention to attend following discharge and during recovery by improving patient understanding of cardiac rehabilitation and reducing negative affect.

Item Type: Article
Official URL:
Additional Information: © 2018 Elsevier Ltd.
Divisions: Statistics
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
Date Deposited: 07 Sep 2018 14:27
Last Modified: 20 Oct 2021 00:40
Projects: CZH/4/650
Funders: Chief Scientists Office, Scottish Government

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