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Is manager support related to workplace productivity for people with depression: a secondary analysis of a cross-sectional survey from 15 countries

Evans-Lacko, Sara and Knapp, Martin (2018) Is manager support related to workplace productivity for people with depression: a secondary analysis of a cross-sectional survey from 15 countries. BMJ Open, 8 (6). e021795. ISSN 2044-6055

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Identification Number: 10.1136/bmjopen-2018-021795

Abstract

Objectives To examine variations in manager reactions and support for people with depression and to investigate how these reactions are related to (1) absenteeism and (2) presenteeism due to depression among employees with self-reported depression across 15 diverse countries. Design Secondary data analysis of cross-sectional survey data. Setting 15 countries, diverse in geographical region and gross domestic product (GDP): Brazil, Canada, China, Denmark, France, Germany, Great Britain, Italy, Japan, Mexico, Spain, South Africa, South Korea, Turkey and the USA. Participants 16 018 employees and managers (approximately 1000 per country). Primary and secondary outcome measures We assessed level of absenteeism as measured by number of days taken off work because of depression and presenteeism score. Results On average, living in a country with a greater prevalence of managers saying that they avoided talking to the employee about depression was associated with employees with depression taking more days off work (B 4.13, 95% CI 1.68 to 6.57). On average, living in a country with a higher GDP was marginally associated with employees with depression taking more days off of work (p=0.09). On average, living in a country with a greater prevalence of managers actively offering help to employees with depression was associated with higher levels of presenteeism (B 7.08, 95% CI 6.59 to 7.58). Higher country GDP was associated with greater presenteeism among employees with depression (B 3.09, 95% CI 2.31 to 3.88). Conclusions Manager reactions were at least as important as country financial resources. When controlling for country GDP, working in an environment where managers felt comfortable to offer help and support to the employee rather than avoid them was independently associated with less absenteeism and more presenteeism.

Item Type: Article
Official URL: https://bmjopen.bmj.com/
Additional Information: © 2018 the Authors
Divisions: Personal Social Services Research Unit
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HN Social history and conditions. Social problems. Social reform
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry
Sets: Research centres and groups > Personal Social Services Research Unit (PSSRU)
Date Deposited: 20 Aug 2018 15:22
Last Modified: 20 Oct 2019 00:18
Funders: H Lundbeck A/S
URI: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/id/eprint/90051

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