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Working across time zones: exporters and the gender wage gap

Bøler, Esther Ann, Javorcik, Beata and Ulltveit-Moe, Karen Helene (2018) Working across time zones: exporters and the gender wage gap. Journal of International Economics, 111. pp. 122-133. ISSN 0022-1996

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Identification Number: 10.1016/j.jinteco.2017.12.008


This study argues that there is a systematic difference in the gender wage gap (GWG) between exporting firms and non-exporters. Exporters may require greater commitment from their employees, such as working particular hours to communicate with partners in different time zones or travelling at short notice, and may therefore disproportionately reward employee flexibility. If women are less flexible, or perceived as such, exporters will exhibit a higher GWG than non-exporters. This hypothesis is examined using matched employer-employee data from the Norwegian manufacturing sector for 1996–2010. The results suggest a firm's entry into exporting increases the GWG by about 3 percentage points for college educated workers. A lower overlap in business hours between the Norwegian exporter and its foreign markets and a greater need for interactions with foreign buyers are associated with a higher GWG.

Item Type: Article
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Additional Information: © 2018 Elsevier B.V.
Divisions: Centre for Economic Performance
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HB Economic Theory
JEL classification: F - International Economics > F1 - Trade > F10 - General
F - International Economics > F1 - Trade > F14 - Country and Industry Studies of Trade
F - International Economics > F1 - Trade > F16 - Trade and Labor Market Interactions
J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J1 - Demographic Economics > J16 - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
Date Deposited: 02 Jul 2018 15:29
Last Modified: 31 May 2024 21:09

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