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Gendered immobility: influence of social roles and local context on mobility decisions in Pakistan

Adeel, Muhammad and Yeh, Anthony Gar-On (2018) Gendered immobility: influence of social roles and local context on mobility decisions in Pakistan. Transportation Planning and Technology, 41 (6). pp. 660-678. ISSN 0308-1060

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Identification Number: 10.1080/03081060.2018.1488932


This paper examines the instances of one-day immobility in Pakistan and reports its sociodemographic determinants using the nationally representative dataset of 2007 Pakistan Time Use Survey. Of 37,830 time diary respondents, nearly 30 percent respondents did not report travel during the diary day. Homemakers and those out of workforce were more likely to be immobile than employed or student respondents. Immobility rates were very high among women (55%) as compared to men (4%). Among women, those between 20 to 34 years of age, married, with children, having better education, dependent on other household members and those living in higher income households were more likely to be immobile. Excessive gender nature of immobility seems to be triggered by gender based sociocultural environment, which restricts female mobility due to family honor concerns. Other than this, those living in the provinces of Sindh and Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa or in urban areas were more likely to be immobile than those living in Punjab and Sindh provinces or in rural areas. The significant geographic effect at broader spatial scale is caused by the demographic structure as well as due to differences in social and cultural context of these areas. Finally, question regarding measurement of immobility and the potential implications of increased female immobility are discussed.

Item Type: Article
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Additional Information: © 2018 Informa UK Limited
Divisions: LSE Cities
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HE Transportation and Communications
H Social Sciences > HQ The family. Marriage. Woman
Date Deposited: 13 Jun 2018 10:17
Last Modified: 15 Jun 2024 01:09

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