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Consistency of gender differences in bullying in cross-cultural surveys

Smith, Peter K, López-Castro, Leticia, Robinson, Susanne and Görzig, Anke (2018) Consistency of gender differences in bullying in cross-cultural surveys. Aggression and Violent Behavior. ISSN 1359-1789

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Identification Number: 10.1016/j.avb.2018.04.006

Abstract

Many studies have reported on gender differences in bully and victim rates, but with the majority of reports from a small number of countries. Here we report on such gender differences from five large cross-national data bases. We report on overall male:female (M:F) ratios, and variations in these by age (or grade), by survey time point, and by offline/online bullying. We also compare consistency of M:F ratios across countries, over the five surveys. The preponderance of male perpetrators of bullying is found consistently across surveys, and survey time point. It is also consistent by age, but HBSC data suggest a curvilinear trend in early adolescence. Males also tend to more frequently be victims of bullying, consistent across age and survey time point, but with variations by survey. There is some indication of a decrease in M:F ratio recently in mid-adolescence, possibly related to online bullying. At least relatively, females are more involved as victims of online than offline bullying. Comparing recent findings on M:F ratio across countries for the five surveys, correlations vary from high to near zero. Implications for the explanation of gender differences in different countries, the comparability of data from different surveys, and for gender-specific interventions, are discussed.

Item Type: Article
Official URL: https://www.journals.elsevier.com/aggression-and-v...
Additional Information: © 2018 Elsevier B.V.
Divisions: Media and Communications
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
H Social Sciences > HQ The family. Marriage. Woman
H Social Sciences > HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare. Criminology
Sets: Departments > Media and Communications
Date Deposited: 08 May 2018 11:25
Last Modified: 10 Apr 2019 13:54
URI: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/id/eprint/87794

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