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Anatomy of a stalled revolution: processes of reproduction and change in Russian women's gender ideologies

Ashwin, Sarah ORCID: 0000-0002-5258-3119 and Isupova, Olga (2018) Anatomy of a stalled revolution: processes of reproduction and change in Russian women's gender ideologies. Gender and Society, 32 (4). pp. 441-468. ISSN 0891-2432

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Identification Number: 10.1177/0891243218776309


Russia’s gender revolution notoriously produced women’s economic empowerment without domestic equality. Although the Soviet state vastly expanded women’s employment, this had little impact on a starkly unequal gender division of domestic labor. Such “stalling” is common, but in Russia its extent and persistence presents a puzzle, requiring us to investigate linkages between macro-level factors and micro-level interactions regarding the gender division of domestic labor. We do this by focusing on gender ideology, an important variable explaining the gender division of domestic labor that bridges the macro-level of the gender order and the micro-interactional level. We use longitudinal qualitative data to examine continuity and change in young Russian women’s gender ideologies between 1999 and 2010. Based on analysis of 115 in-depth interviews from 23 respondents, we identify traditional and egalitarian trajectories and the processes underlying them, showing how the male breadwinner schema and an ideology of women’s independence support traditionalism, while non-traditional breadwinning and interactional support from men facilitate egalitarianism. Our analysis enables us to explain the Soviet gender paradox and distinguish sources of change in the post-Soviet era. Our theoretical contribution is to situate gender ideology in a multi-level framework, the efficacy of which we demonstrate in our empirical analysis.

Item Type: Article
Official URL:
Additional Information: © 2018 SAGE Publications
Divisions: Management
Subjects: D History General and Old World > DK Russia. Soviet Union. Former Soviet Republics
H Social Sciences > HQ The family. Marriage. Woman
Date Deposited: 27 Apr 2018 14:19
Last Modified: 06 Jul 2024 02:15
Projects: 97-20280
Funders: INTAS, STICERD, LSE Research Committee Seed Fund

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