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The multifaceted relationship between environmental risks and poverty: new insights from Vietnam

Narloch, Ulf and Bangalore, Mook (2018) The multifaceted relationship between environmental risks and poverty: new insights from Vietnam. Environment and Development Economics, 23 (3). pp. 298-327. ISSN 1355-770X

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Identification Number: 10.1017/S1355770X18000128

Abstract

Despite complex interlinkages, insights into the multifaceted relationship between environmental risks and poverty can be gained through an analysis of different risks across space, time and scale within a single context using consistent methods. Combining geo-spatial data on eight environmental risks and household survey data from 2010–2014 for the case study of Vietnam, this paper shows: (i) at the district level, the incidence of poverty is higher in high risk areas, (ii) at the household level, poorer households face higher environmental risks, (iii) for some risks the relationship with household-level consumption varies between rural and urban areas, and (iv) environmental risks explain consumption differences between households, but less so changes over time. While altogether these analyses cannot establish a causal relationship between environmental risks and poverty, they do indicate that Vietnam's poor are disproportionally exposed. Given growing pressures due to climate change, addressing such risks should be a focus of poverty reduction efforts.

Item Type: Article
Official URL: https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/environmen...
Additional Information: © 2018 Cambridge University Press
Divisions: Grantham Research Institute
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
H Social Sciences > HN Social history and conditions. Social problems. Social reform
JEL classification: I - Health, Education, and Welfare > I3 - Welfare and Poverty
I - Health, Education, and Welfare > I3 - Welfare and Poverty > I30 - General
I - Health, Education, and Welfare > I3 - Welfare and Poverty > I32 - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty
O - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth > O1 - Economic Development > O10 - General
Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics > Q5 - Environmental Economics > Q50 - General
Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics > Q5 - Environmental Economics > Q54 - Climate; Natural Disasters
R - Urban, Rural, and Regional Economics > R2 - Household Analysis > R20 - General
Sets: Research centres and groups > Grantham Research Institute on Climate Change and the Environment
Collections > Economists Online
Date Deposited: 19 Apr 2018 13:43
Last Modified: 20 Apr 2019 00:07
Projects: ES/K006576/1
Funders: Economic and Social Research Council
URI: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/id/eprint/87553

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