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Taking stock of firm-level and country-level benefits from foreign direct investment

Bruno, Randolph Luca, Campos, Nauro F. and Estrin, Saul ORCID: 0000-0002-3447-8593 (2018) Taking stock of firm-level and country-level benefits from foreign direct investment. Multinational Business Review, 26 (2). pp. 126-144. ISSN 1525-383X

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Identification Number: 10.1108/MBR-02-2018-0011


The empirical literature has not reached a conclusion as to whether foreign direct investment (FDI) yields spillovers when the host economies are emerging. Instead, the results are often viewed as conditional. For macro studies, this means that the existence and scale of spillover effects is contingent on the levels of institutional, financial or human capital development attained by the host economies. For enterprise level studies, conditionality relates to the type of inter-firm linkages; forwards, backwards, or horizontal. In this paper, we conduct a systematic meta-analysis on emerging economies to summarize these effects and throw light on the strength and heterogeneity of these conditionalities. We propose a new methodological framework that allows country- and firm-level effects to be combined. We hand-collected information from 175 studies and around 1100 estimates in Eastern Europe, Asia, Latin America and Africa from 1940 to 2008. The two main findings are that: (a) “macro” effects are much larger than enterprise-level ones, by a factor of at least six; and (b) the benefits from FDI into emerging economies are substantially less “conditional” than commonly thought.

Item Type: Article
Official URL:
Additional Information: © 2018 Emerald Publishing
Divisions: Management
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor
JEL classification: F - International Economics > F2 - International Factor Movements and International Business > F23 - Multinational Firms; International Business
O - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth > O1 - Economic Development > O12 - Microeconomic Analyses of Economic Development
Sets: Departments > Management
Date Deposited: 23 Mar 2018 15:17
Last Modified: 20 Sep 2021 02:31

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