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Social subsidies and marketization - the role of gender and skill

Duval-Hernandez, Robert, Fang, Lei and Ngai, L. Rachel (2018) Social subsidies and marketization - the role of gender and skill. CFM Discussion Paper Series (CFM-DP2018-04). Centre For Macroeconomics, London, UK.

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Abstract

This paper decomposes the differences in aggregate market hours between US and Europe across gender-skill groups and finds that low-skilled women are the biggest contributors to aggregate differences, with the exception of Nordic countries. We develop a model to account for the gender-skill differences in market hours across countries. Taxes, which reduce market hours in favor of leisure and home production, explain a substantial fraction of the differences in hours for Southern and Central European countries. Subsidized family care, which reduces home hours of women in favor of market hours, explains the different pattern of hours in Nordic countries. Low-skilled women are more responsive to policy because of their comparative advantage in producing home services and the corresponding market substitutes.

Item Type: Monograph (Discussion Paper)
Official URL: http://www.centreformacroeconomics.ac.uk/Discussio...
Additional Information: © 2018 The Authors
Divisions: Economics
Centre for Macroeconomics
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HC Economic History and Conditions
H Social Sciences > HF Commerce
H Social Sciences > HQ The family. Marriage. Woman
JEL classification: E - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics > E2 - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment > E24 - Macroeconomics: Employment; Unemployment; Wages; Intergenerational Income Distribution (includes wage indexation)
E - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics > E6 - Macroeconomic Policy Formation, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, Macroeconomic Policy, and General Outlook > E62 - Fiscal Policy; Public Expenditures, Investment, and Finance; Taxation
J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J2 - Time Allocation, Work Behavior, and Employment Determination and Creation; Human Capital; Retirement > J22 - Time Allocation and Labor Supply
Sets: Departments > Economics
Research centres and groups > Centre for Macroeconomics
Date Deposited: 13 Mar 2018 10:42
Last Modified: 04 Mar 2019 00:04
URI: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/id/eprint/87181

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