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Decomposing self-estimates of intelligence: structure and sex differences across 12 nations

von Stumm, Sophie, Chamorro-Premuzic, Tomas and Furnham, Adrian (2009) Decomposing self-estimates of intelligence: structure and sex differences across 12 nations. British Journal of Psychology, 100 (2). pp. 429-442. ISSN 0007-1269

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Identification Number: 10.1348/000712608X357876


This study examines the structure of self-estimates of intelligence (SEI) across 12 nations (Australia, Austria, Brazil, France, Iran, Israel, Malaysia, South Africa, Spain, Turkey, UK and US). Participants rated themselves on general and specific abilities from three popular models of intelligence: Gardner's multiple intelligences, Sternberg's triarchic theory of intelligence, and Goleman's emotional intelligence. The results showed that (a) laypeople across nations have similar and invariant concepts of intelligence, (b) concepts of intelligence are cross-culturally closely related to academic notions of intellectual ability and (c) sex differences in general and specific SEI favouring men are consistent across countries. Male hubris and female humility in SEI seem independent of sex differences in actual cognitive ability and national levels of masculinity-femininity. Furthermore, international mean differences in general SEI could not be attributed to discrepancies in national intelligence quotient (IQ) levels or to cultural variations.

Item Type: Article
Official URL:
Additional Information: © 2009 The British Psychological Society
Divisions: Psychological and Behavioural Science
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Date Deposited: 07 Mar 2018 12:22
Last Modified: 20 Sep 2021 00:54

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