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Health inequalities in the European Union: an empirical analysis of the dynamics of regional differences

Maynou-Pujolras, Laia, Saez, Marc, Bacaria, Jordi and Lopez-Casasnovas, Guillem (2014) Health inequalities in the European Union: an empirical analysis of the dynamics of regional differences. European Journal of Health Economics, 16 (5). pp. 543-559. ISSN 1618-7598

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Identification Number: 10.1007/s10198-014-0609-1

Abstract

In a panel setting, we analyse the speed of (beta) convergence of (cause-specific) mortality and life expectancy at birth in EU countries between 1995 and 2009. Our contribution is threefold. First, in contrast to earlier literature, we allow the convergence rate to vary, and thereby uncover significant differences in the speed of convergence across time and regions. Second, we control for spatial correlations across regions. Third, we estimate convergence among regions, rather than countries, and thereby highlight noteworthy variations within a country. Although we find (beta) convergence on average, we also identify significant differences in the catching-up process across both time and regions. Moreover, we use the coefficient of variation to measure the dynamics of dispersion levels of mortality and life expectancy (sigma convergence) and, surprisingly, find no reduction, on average, in dispersion levels. Consequently, if the reduction of dispersion is the ultimate measure of convergence, then, to the best of our knowledge, our study is the first that shows a lack of convergence in health across EU regions.

Item Type: Article
Official URL: https://link.springer.com/journal/10198
Additional Information: © 2014 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg
Divisions: LSE Health
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare. Criminology
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine
JEL classification: C - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods > C1 - Econometric and Statistical Methods: General > C11 - Bayesian Analysis
C - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods > C3 - Econometric Methods: Multiple; Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables; Endogenous Regressors > C33 - Models with Panel Data
Sets: Research centres and groups > LSE Health
Date Deposited: 07 Mar 2018 10:55
Last Modified: 19 Nov 2019 11:49
URI: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/id/eprint/86997

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