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Cognitive ability, self-assessed intelligence and personality: common genetic but independent environmental aetiologies

Bratko, Denis and Butkovic, Ana and Vukasovic, Tena and Chamorro-Premuzic, Tomas and von Stumm, Sophie (2012) Cognitive ability, self-assessed intelligence and personality: common genetic but independent environmental aetiologies. Intelligence, 40 (2). pp. 91-99. ISSN 0160-2896

Full text not available from this repository.
Identification Number: 10.1016/j.intell.2012.02.001

Abstract

Self-perceived abilities (SPA), which play an important role in academic achievement, have been recently reported to be fully attributable to genetic and non-shared environmental influences. To replicate and extend this finding, 732 Croatian twins (15–22 years old) were assessed on cognitive ability, self-assessed intelligence (SAI), and Five Factor Model personality traits. In addition to attempting to replicate the finding that SAI is due to genetic and non-shared environmental influences, we used bivariate and multivariate genetic analyses to investigate genetic and environmental influences on the phenotypic association of IQ, SAI, and personality traits. The results replicated the finding that individual differences in SAI can be attributed to genetic and non-shared environmental influences. Bivariate and multivariate genetic analyses showed intelligence, SAI measures, and personality traits are inter-correlated not only at the phenotypic but also at the genotypic level. Multivariate analyses indicate that around 20% of IQ variance could be explained by SAI and personality traits (Neuroticism, Extraversion, Openness). In combination with other recent findings from behavior genetics, this result supports the idea of pleiotropy and generalist genes.

Item Type: Article
Official URL: https://www.journals.elsevier.com/intelligence
Additional Information: © 2012 Elsevier Inc.
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Sets: Departments > Psychological and Behavioural Science
Date Deposited: 20 Feb 2018 16:41
Last Modified: 20 Feb 2018 16:41
URI: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/id/eprint/86801

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