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Heritability of intraindividual mean and variability of positive and negative affect

Zheng, Yao, Plomin, Robert and von Stumm, Sophie (2016) Heritability of intraindividual mean and variability of positive and negative affect. Psychological Science, 27 (12). pp. 1611-1619. ISSN 0956-7976

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Identification Number: 10.1177/0956797616669994

Abstract

Positive affect (e.g., attentiveness) and negative affect (e.g., upset) fluctuate over time. We examined genetic influences on interindividual differences in the day-to-day variability of affect (i.e., ups and downs) and in average affect over the duration of a month. Once a day, 17-year-old twins in the United Kingdom (N = 447) rated their positive and negative affect online. The mean and standard deviation of each individual’s daily ratings across the month were used as the measures of that individual’s average affect and variability of affect. Analyses revealed that the average of negative affect was significantly heritable (.53), but the average of positive affect was not; instead, the latter showed significant shared environmental influences (.42). Fluctuations across the month were significantly heritable for both negative affect (.54) and positive affect (.34). The findings support the two-factor theory of affect, which posits that positive affect is more situational and negative affect is more dispositional.

Item Type: Article
Official URL: http://journals.sagepub.com/home/pss
Additional Information: © 2016 The Authors
Divisions: Psychological and Behavioural Science
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Sets: Departments > Psychological and Behavioural Science
Date Deposited: 13 Feb 2018 09:49
Last Modified: 20 Jan 2020 06:15
URI: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/id/eprint/86761

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