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Are ideas getting harder to find?

Bloom, Nicholas, Jones, Charles I, Reenen, John Van and Webb, Michael (2017) Are ideas getting harder to find? CEP Discussion Papers (CEPDP1496). Centre for Economic Performance, London School of Economics and Political Science, London, UK.

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Abstract

In many growth models, economic growth arises from people creating ideas, and the long-run growth rate is the product of two terms: the effective number of researchers and their research productivity. We present a wide range of evidence from various industries, products, and firms showing that research effort is rising substantially while research productivity is declining sharply. A good example is Moore’s Law. The number of researchers required today to achieve the famous doubling every two years of the density of computer chips is more than 18 times larger than the number required in the early 1970s. Across a broad range of case studies at various levels of (dis)aggregation, we find that ideas—and in particular the exponential growth they imply — are getting harder and harder to find. Exponential growth results from the large increases in research effort that offset its declining productivity

Item Type: Monograph (Discussion Paper)
Official URL: http://cep.lse.ac.uk/
Additional Information: © 2017 The Authors
Divisions: Centre for Economic Performance
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor
Q Science > Q Science (General)
Sets: Research centres and groups > Centre for Economic Performance (CEP)
Date Deposited: 30 Jan 2018 14:37
Last Modified: 19 Mar 2019 00:04
Funders: Economic and Social Research Council
URI: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/id/eprint/86588

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